The computerization of our society has been rapidly growing and continues to do so day by day. Virtually all companies have switched to a digital data storage and transmission system. Every employee in the office has a few devices: PC, laptops, tablets, routers, cellphones, etc. All these devices are connected to the global network – the Internet. Despite antiviruses, cyber frauds break into the informational “coffers” of the company and can harm financial and social stability. In order to avoid this catastrophe, executives invite professionals in cybersecurity to their offices. Any beginner can take up this profession using one of the 10 handiest tools.
Wireshark is an analyzer of the network protocol and traffic that works on the basis of pcap-libraries. It carries out a profound testing of protocols and their deciphering in real-time mode. It supports standard format files like tcpdump, allows to restore TCP sessions, and has an intuitively intelligible graphic interface.
Team analyzer Linux with an open-source code used to scan IP-addresses and ports and to identify installed apps. Nmap allows system administrators to detect devices, operating networks, identify open ports and services and their possible vulnerability. It supports simple commands and complex scenarios through Nmap script engine.
Ncat is an optimized version of Netcat. This multifunctional network tool can read and record data on network connections. It uses both TCP and UDP protocols for connection, and is aimed at instant network connection to other apps and users. Ncat works with IPv4 and IPv6 proxies and provides a user with an unlimited number of potential implementations.
Metasploit is a tool used to test a user network for cyber-attacks with the help of a remote check service. This tool identifies open endpoints of a TCP-protocol that are able to provide hackers with a remote system command service. The Metasploit program allows you to create a hacking instrument on your own, using a programming language called Ruby.
Nikto is a tool used to test web-sites, virtual hosts and web-servers for dangerous files/CGIs and configuration errors. The scanner is able to complete more than 6000 security tests and check a web-server for outdated programs. Nikto supports the anti-IDS expansion in order to carry out hidden testing.
Burp Suite is a multifunctional tool that scans proxy-servers, certain web apps and virtual resources, files and folders for their security level. The tool allows to intercept and control HTTP-requests. Its simple interface allows any beginner to use this program easily.
John the Ripper
John the Ripper is an effective instrument that hacks user passwords and encrypted private keys to private data. It has access to all known encryption methods, including SHA and MD5. The program can carry out an audit of user passwords and offer more complicated versions of the code word.
Aircrack-ng is a multifunctional program used to track and infiltrate available wireless networks, to intercept and send packets, to check and hack WEP and WPA encryption keys. The tool can quickly monitor networks for possible hacker attacks and errors. Apart from that, it can hack Wi-Fi passwords.
Nessus is a paid tool that scans for vulnerability, analyzes possible risks and suggests possible solutions.
Snort is a tool with an open-source code used to detect suspicious activity and to prevent hacker attacks in real-time mode. It can analyze and register incoming data packets and generate threat notifications. It is mostly used for security.